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OverviewA distinctive country both geographically and culturally, New Zealand has become both a major tourist destination and an important part of the economy of the Pacific. First settled by Polynesian travelers in the 13th or 14th century, the islands were later colonized by the United Kingdon in the 19th Century. Unlike its neighboring Australia, however, the native culture managed to survive colonization and has been able to play a greater role in the ongoing culture of the modern nation. Now famous not only for its extreme biodiversity but also for its picturesque landscapes, New Zealand has become a vital part of the Pacific world. Quick Facts about New Zealand
- Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, is the southernmost capital city in the world.
- New Zealand is home to more types of penguins than any other place in the world.
- There are only two species of land mammals native to New Zealand - both of which are bats.
- New Zealand has nine sheep for every human, giving it the highest sheep to person ratio on the planet.
- New Zealand was the first country in the world to give women the right to vote.