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OverviewThe Swiss Confederation has long played an important role in the politics of Europe. As a neutral party, it has weathered two world wars and remained a center of finance for centuries. Its unique composition of semi-independent cantons has also made it a place where ideas flowed freely, becoming an important part of the Reformation. Modern Switzerland is no less important than it was in the past, retaining a role as a central nation of Europe that both plays a major role in European politics and that has steadfastly avoided becoming part of the European Union.
Quick Facts about Switzerland
- The Red Cross was founded in Switzerland on February 17th, 1863.
- The Swiss consume more chocolate per person than any people in the world.
- Switzerland has so many underground bunkers that it could safely house its entire population in the event of a nuclear war.
- Switzerland has not been involved in any kind of military conflict since 1815.
- The Gotthard Base Tunnel, the world's longest rail tunnel, goes through Switzerland.